Where did the superstition of Friday the 13th come from ?

Where did the superstition of Friday the 13th come from and why is Friday the 13th considered to be so evil?

One theory holds that it came about not as the result of a convergence of a large group of superstitions, but a catastrophe, a single historical event that happened nearly 700 years ago.
It appears that the superstition stems from the events that took place on Friday, October 13, 1307. On that day, the Pope of the Roman Catholic church, along with the King of France, sentenced the "the Knights Templar" to death and ordered the torture and crucifixion of their leaderThirteen 13 #13
The catastrophe was the decimation of the Knights Templar, the legendary order of "warrior monks" formed towards the end of the Christian Crusades to combat Islam. They were renowned as a fighting force for 200 years, but by the 1300s the order had grown so large and powerful it was perceived as a political threat by kings and popes alike and was brought down by a church-state conspiracy, as written by Katharine Kurtz in "Tales of the Knights Templar" (Warner Books: 1995):
"On October 13, 1307, a day so infamous that Friday the 13th would become a synonym for ill fortune, officers of King Philip IV of France carried out mass arrests in a well-coordinated dawn raid that left several thousand Templars knights, sergeants, priests, and serving brethren in chains, charged with heresy, blasphemy, various obscenities, and h***sexual practices. None of these charges was ever proven, even in France and the Order was found innocent elsewhere but in the seven years following the arrests, hundreds of Templars suffered excruciating tortures intended to force 'confessions,' and more than a hundred died under torture or were executed by burning at the stake."
There are drawbacks to the "catastrophic day" theory, not the least of which is that it attributes great cultural significance to a historical event which is shrouded in obscurity. Even more challenging for this theory is the fact that no one has been able to document the existence of such beliefs prior to the 19th century. If people who lived before the late 1800s perceived Friday the 13th as a taboo, there's no evidence around to prove it. Some people suspect the thing is a thoroughly modern phenomenon inflamed by 20th-century media hype.
Many cities do not have a 13th Street or a 13th Avenue. Many buildings don't have a 13th floor. It is though that If you have 13 letters in your name, you will have the devil's luck (Jack the Ripper, Charles Manson, Jeffrey Dahmer, Theodore Bundy and Albert De Salvo all have 13 letters in their names to name a few).
In North America and Europe, a significant portion of the population behaves very strangely on Friday the 13th. They won't fly in airplanes, host a party, apply for a job, get married or even start a new project. Some people won't even come into work. In the United States, roughly 8 percent of the population is afraid of Friday the 13th, a condition known as paraskevidekatriaphobia. "Friday the 13th" as we know it has its roots in many traditions and cultures.
The superstition surrounding Friday the 13th is actually a combination of two separate fears -- the fear of the number 13, called triskaidekaphobia, and the fear of Fridays. The most familiar source of both these phobias is Christian theology. Thirteen is significant to Christians because it is the number of people who were present at the Last Supper (Jesus and his 12 apostles). Judas, the apostle who betrayed Jesus, was the 13th member of the party to arrive.
Christians have traditionally been wary of Fridays because Jesus was crucified on a Friday, It is therefore a day of penance for Christians. In addition to that, some theologians hold that Adam and Eve ate from the forbidden fruit on a Friday, and that the Great Flood began on a Friday. God tongue-tied the builders of the Tower of Babel on a Friday and the Temple of Solomon was destroyed on a Friday as well. In the past, many Christians would never begin any new project or trip on a Friday, for fear that the endeavor would be doomed from the start.
It is said: If 13 people sit down to dinner together, all will die within the year. The Turks so disliked the number 13 that it was practically expunged from their vocabulary (Brewer, 1894).
Another early superstition having to do with the number 13, which is still observed today, is said to have originated by the Hindus, who thought that it was unlucky for 13 people to gather in the same place. An identical superstition was attributed to the Vikings though some scholars debate that this information is incorrect I found the story to go as follows:
Twelve gods were invited to a banquet at Valhalla. Loki, the Evil One, god of mischief, had been excluded from the guest list but crashed the party anyway, bringing the total number of attendees to 13. True to character, Loki raised hell by inciting Hod, the blind god of winter, to attack Balder the Good, who was a favorite of the gods. Hod took a spear of mistletoe offered by Loki and obediently hurled it at Balder, killing him instantly.
It is said: Never change your bed on Friday; it will bring bad dreams. Don't start a trip on Friday or you will have misfortune. If you cut your nails on Friday, you cut them for sorrow. Ships that set sail on a Friday will have bad luck ? as in the tale of H.M.S. Friday ... One hundred years ago, the British government sought to quell once and for all the widespread superstition among seamen that setting sail on Fridays was unlucky. A special ship was commissioned, named "H.M.S. Friday." They laid her keel on a Friday, launched her on a Friday, selected her crew on a Friday and hired a man named Jim Friday to be her captain. To top it off, H.M.S. Friday embarked on her maiden voyage on a Friday, and was never seen or heard from again.
Theory also suggests the number 13 was purposely upheld by the priests of patriarchal religions because it represented femininity. Thirteen was allegedly revered in prehistoric goddess-worshiping cultures because it corresponded to the number of lunar (menstrual) cycles in a year (13 x 28 = 364 days).
Post-patriarchal mythology is also rich with symbolic references to the mystical power of 13. Besides Christ and his 12 disciples, there are Jacob and his 12 sons, Odysseus and his 12 companions, Medea and her 12 princesses, Romulous and his 12 shepherds, Roland and his 12 peers, Arthur and his 12 knights, and the head of Osiris and his 12 dismembered body parts. Not to mention Scarlet O’Hara and her 13-inch waist. The United States has a full complement of significant 13’s, beginning with the original 13 colonies. The Great Seal pictures 13 stars, 13 bars, and a bald eagle sporting 13 tail feathers, holding 13 arrows and 13 olive branches. The official motto, "E Pluribus Unum" contains 13 letters.
What universal forces have defamed the wonderful number 13? Throughout the streets of Paris, the Americas, and other parts of the world you can live in apartment #12, or even #11, but the number thirteen is feared to the point of deletion. What has made the people so afraid that flights are avoided, days are feared, and tragedy is expected? The culture perceives Friday the 13th synonymous with DEATH. But truth be known - 13 IS LIFE!
It IS the most magical number of them all! It is a number of PERFECTION. It is the number of LIFE, it is the number of TIME, it is the number of the ETERNAL PROMISE!
1 sperm (13 chromosomes) + 1 Ovum (13 chromosomes) = 26 (zygote)
(Thirteen) + (Thirteen) = 26
Leonardo Fibonacci discovered a mathematical pattern found in the structure of LIFE. It is the mathematical pattern which creates seashells, flowers, plant stems. This formula is reflected throughout the breeding patterns of rabbits, bees, and even in the quantum multiplication of electrons. The formula for LIFE is the sum of two preceding numbers, starting with the ONE.
(1) + 1 + 2 + 3+ 5+8+13 (all life begins in the ONE)
Precessional Time
Precession is the measurement of the Earth's Vernal Point in an east to west direction across the sky. One Precessional Year or cycle takes 26,000 normal years, it is the largest and most perfect
measurement of TIME. And is constructed of Twelve Great Precessional Ages or Platonic Months of 2,150 Years, which determines the era of a particular epoch.
Annual Time
(One ) + 12 = 13
Precessional Year is 12 Platonic Months = 13 or (26,000 years)
One Zodiac + 12 Signs = 13
1 Year is 12 months (cycles) = 13
Eternal Time
(ONE) + (Twelve) = 13 (life begins in the ONE).
JESUS + 12 Disciples = 13
For a reflective people are these not SIGNS?
For a scientific people are these not SIGNS?
These are simple FACTS. Don't believe the lies!! Embrace the number, meditate upon it, and celebrate it! It is very nature of your being, it is what makes YOU, and it is what will help SAVE YOU, because in it is the promise of ETERNAL LIFE - it is GLORIOUS! Everything was CREATED by DIVINE DECREE!
What does this really mean?
Ancient Evidence
The Mayan calendar renowned for its astronomical precision (it is the most astronomically correct calendar ever created), consists of a series of cycles of TIME, known as Bak'tun's. The Mayans believed the entire span of TIME was to last exactly 13 Bak'tun cycles. After the end of the 13th cycle the world was determined to end in cosmic cataclysm! Astronomers were finally able to coordinate the ancient Mayan calendar with ours during a solar eclipse in 1991, which the Maya predicted to the MINUTE many millennia ago. The mortal fear behind this discovery is that according to the Mayan calendar this world will end on December 2012, our TIME!
10,000BC - 9,000BC - 8,000BC - 7,000BC - 6,000BC - 5,000BC - 4,000BC - 3,000BC - 2,000BC - 1,000BC - 0 - 1,000CE - 2,000CE = 13 Bak'tuns
2000 - 2001 - 2002 - 2003 - 2004 - 2005 - 2006 - 2007 - 2008 - 2009 -2010 - 2011 - 2012 = 13 Years
Remember the great Mayan civilizations disappeared without a trace, creating a mystery modern 'modern' man cannot solve. No one really knows where they went!!
What does this really mean???
Political Evidence
***In the Nation's Capitol the father of "ONE nation under God," George Washington, is memorialized in the rotunda ceiling on a mural entitled, The Apophiosis of Washington. The mural pictures the nations first father surrounded by 13 maidens.
Original colonies = 13
Coincidence? There is no such thing!
"God does not play dice!" Albert Einstein 1879 - 1955
Basketball superstar, international cultural icon, and real life hero Micheal Jordan retired from the NBA after completing 13 AMAZING seasons as the most successful sports superstar of ALL TIME on Wednesday January 13, 1999. Thanks Mike!!
January 13, 1999
Zygote Media Networks, Inc. officially launches The Millennium Resource Report® project Wednesday January 13, 1999!!!! It was no coincidence. Thank God!
By the way; Mayan time is known as 13:20 which added equals 33. Well is that the origin?
So when it all comes down to it.. after reading over all the information about different beginnings for the vexed day its disappointing to come to the conclusion that Friday the 13th is probably just a bad story created to scare children and pagans alike. At least it made for a good movie series.
Researched, Compiled, Edited & Presented by: 
Gentle Warrior  - 
Thanks to the Forbidden Knowledge website for portions of the article above. (January 13, 2003)
Brewer, E. Cobham. "The Dictionary of Phrase and Fable." (1898).
Bowen, John. "Friday the 13th." Salon magazine, (13 Aug 1999)
"Is Friday the 13th Bad for Your Health?" British Medical Journal.
"A History Of Friday The 13th." Gabriella Kalapos (October 13, 2000)
"A Brief History of Friday the 13th" Joe Nickell & Matt Nisbet
How stuff works HowStuffWorks, Inc (1998-2004)
Pagan Circle & David Lozier (2004)
"Tales of the Knights Templar" Katharine Kurtz (Warner Books: 1995)


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